Much More Than Just Baby Massage

The lovely Emma is a member of the International Association of Infant Massage and facilitates local five-week programmes.

She recently wrote a blog covering the five-step dialogue of positive nurturing touch and this is well worth a read! A main aim for Emma is creating a quiet space away from the our busy 21st Century living for parents to simply focus on and interact with their babies in a welcoming, warm and peaceful space.

How to enhance bonding and increase attunement through touch with our babies born early, with illness or health problems.

Positive nurturing touch

Touch is the first sense your baby develops in the womb, and touch is how your baby primarily experiences and communicates with their world. Your positive nurturing touch has an important role for easing your baby’s “transition from womb to world”.

Getting to know your baby and enhance bonding through positive nurturing touch

Having a baby who is born early, who has experienced a difficult birth leading to illness, or born with health problems can be a very stressful experience for you, and your baby. Getting to know your baby through a cue-based dialogue of positive nurturing touch can help to encourage your special connection together, enhance the bonding process and can give you a greater sense of confidence as a parent.

Time spent watching and caring for your baby will help you learn about their unique ways of responding to the world. Through their cues, your baby will let you know what kind of touch they are able to receive and what works for them as individuals at that particular time. Your baby can sense and feel your touch and recognise your special voice and scent. This creates an opportunity for bonding and attachment, that lasts a lifetime.

A cue-based dialogue 

In our Association positive nurturing touch (and Baby Massage when you’re at home) is not considered a treatment or therapy, it is a two-way communication; a dialogue between you and your baby. The most important element to this dialogue of nurturing touch in any circumstance is that it is carried out in synchrony with your baby, at all times.

Your baby’s first contact with human touch may have been a world away from the warmth, security and comfort of the womb. The dialogue you develop with your baby communicates the love and the respect that you have for your baby, as a person in their own right. This communication of love and respect will help your baby to build trust and get used to the feelings of your loving touch. Through this dialogue with your baby, you will also gain a deeper understanding of your baby’s cues and therefore their needs, which will in-turn give you a greater sense of confidence as a parent.

Your five-step dialogue with your baby


  • Your dialogue with your baby starts with observation, as highlighted above, time spent observing your baby before giving any touch is very important because so much can change from day-to-day, even minute-to-minute.  The simple act of observing your baby creates an opportunity for you to discover more about them, in what ever situation you may be experiencing. Ensure the room is warm with a relaxing atmosphere, where there is little other stimulation and only natural or dimmed light.


  • Touch permission should always be the centre of this dialogue with your baby.  Every touch given should begin with a thought or word of intention to prepare your baby for being touched, Touch permission communicates respect and love, and helps you to read, understand and respond to your baby’s cues. This process also gives your baby that important cue for positive touch.  A good way to do this is by rubbing your hands together so your baby can hear, and this will increase warmth in your hands too.

Recognising and responding to cues

  • Reading and being receptive to your baby’s cues and reactions is your best guide towards safe touch that is paced to suit your baby at any given time. As you get more experienced with this dialogue and more familiar with reading your baby, you will become amazed by their unique capabilities, their development possibilities, strengths and vulnerabilities.

Touch communication

  • If your baby is still very poorly, you may want to initiate your approach by simply letting your baby feel your presence, for example by holding your hands very close to your baby body, but not making contact. Although there is no direct contact, you can still experience a connection with your baby and a sense of involvement, during those more stressful and uncertain times.
  • Resting hands and cradle holds are a way of providing stability and predictability for your baby and enables you to slowly gain your own confidence, especially in times where there may have been separation, or if your baby has been very poorly or in recovery for a length of time.  Once moving through the previous steps of your dialogue, the connection with your baby begins with approaching their body very slowly, always being aware of their cues.  When you have made contact with your baby, consciously relax your body, slow your breathing and feel your healing relaxation flow through your hands to your baby.  Your resting hands can help to settle your baby, while a cradle hold gives your baby a sense of a secure boundary.


  • Through cues, your baby will let you know when they have had enough stimulation, or for other reasons (as mentioned below) that it is time to complete this dialogue.
  • This process begins with the pressure of your resting hands being removed slowly and sensitively by keeping your hands close to your baby, without touch and then slowly removing your hands. This can be completed with verbal or silent intent, whilst reading your baby’s cues to ensure your continued and a relaxing departure.
  • After you have removed your hands away from your baby, again watch and wait. Sometimes the reaction to any touch appears many minutes afterwards. The benefits of your touch can last for hours.

Avoidance or disengagement cues

Your baby’s avoidance, or disengagement cues may appear in clusters. These clusters can be very subtle at first, for example a change in breathing, hiccuping, yawning or sneezing, however every baby is an individual.  You are the expert of your baby and your baby is your teacher. Your baby will let you know what their own unique engagement and disengagement cues are.

If you have a baby who is born early, has experienced illness or has health problems they may be more sensitive to their surroundings. If your baby starts to give you their avoidance or disengagement cues during your touch communication together, slow your breathing and consciously relax your hands. Take a moment to wait and watch; are there any outside disturbances that could have unsettled your baby? Has someone come into the room? Are the lights too bright? Have you moved your hands even very slightly? By taking this time to wait and watch you are continuing your cue-based dialogue.  This time may also help your baby to resettle, with the reassurance and consistency of your positive nurturing touch.

When at home

If your baby is receiving therapies, such as physiotherapy, consider if this time of nurturing touch could be in a different room to minimise the association between receiving a therapy or completing exercises (which can be uncomfortable) and your dialogue of positive nurturing touch.

It is important that when working through your dialogue together that your baby is positioned nice and close to you, so that you can clearly see their face; on your lap with knees bent works well (as with IAIM and Sunflower Baby Massage logo).  To encourage feelings of support and security, you can place a blanket underneath your baby and cocoon this around them, which will also help to keep them warm.

Your role, your baby’s role and our roles as CIMIs

As the parent of your baby you are the expert of your baby, and your baby is your teacher.  As IAIM Certified Infant Massage Instructors (CIMIs) it is our role to simply facilitate, guide and support you through this process as you learn the holds and massage strokes that are associated with yours and your baby’s unique dialogue.

No matter what the circumstance, you are a fundamental part of your baby’s development and growth. Your baby will quickly recognise the incredible love that flows through your hands, as you discover your wonderful dialogue together; a dialogue that will continue to grow as your baby does, encouraging a lifetime of love, trust and intimacy between you both.

A final note from Vimala McClure, Founder of the International Association of Infant Massage

“Breath deeply, relax and move through these movements with your baby. Assure your newborn that he or she is OK, that you are here for him or her no matter what happens. The baby needs to feel your strength and confidence”

By Emma Lindell

Certified Infant Massage Instructor with the International Association of Infant Massage.


The Naked Midwives fully support Emma’s work and to find out more information please visit her website at and keep an eye on her FB page: for lots more interesting articles.

2 replies
  1. Caroline
    Caroline says:

    Beautifully written and packed with some great information! I shall be sharing this too on my Zenbaby Therapies page, my mum’s will find this really inspiring and informative .


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